Location: Cleveland, Ohio
Federal Circuit: 6th Circuit
Case Western Reserve University has been given the speech code rating Red. A red light university has at least one policy that both clearly and substantially restricts freedom of speech. Read more here.
Red Light Policies
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementHarassment in general is a kind of bullying. It runs the gamut from annoying to abusive and it is intended to threaten or to endanger the safety and security of another person, or group of people. Harassment can cause physical, emotional, and financial harm. Harassing behavior includes, but is not limited to "prank" phone calls and emails, insulting language, and intimidating behavior.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementSexual Harassment is bullying with a sexual edge, intimidation rooted in gender hostility. Sexual harassment is defined as any unwelcome sexual advance, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical contact of a sexual nature directed at someone because of their gender or motivated by animus based on gender. Conduct that has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with a person's work or education or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive environment is harassment. By this definition, sexual harassment could include (but is not limited to) foul language and lewd remarks; offensive posters; unwelcome touching, hugging, and kissing; and obscene phone calls, e-mails, and text messages.
Speech Code Category: Posting Policies, StatementPosting of any derogatory, obscene, or offensive message, either explicitly or implicitly, is strictly prohibited.
Speech Code Category: Policies on Tolerance, Respect, and Civility, StatementUniversity community members are expected to conduct themselves in a manner that does not create disruptions or that does not involve unacceptable actions in regards to community, behavioral, and/or moral standards. Such conduct may include, but is not limited to the following: ... * Obnoxious and anti-social behavior; * Lewd, lascivious, and vulgar behavior ....
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementSexual Harassment can be defined as any unwelcome verbal or non-verbal sexual advance, requests for sexual favors, other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, and/or conduct directed at an individual(s) because of gender when: ... Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or educational experience or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work and/or educational environment. Such conduct generally involves more than one incident and must be severe or pervasive.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementPhysical abuse, verbal abuse, threats, intimidation, harassment, coercion, and/or other conduct which threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person.
Speech Code Category: Other Speech Codes, StatementUniversity facilities and services may not be used for political fund-raising or to advocate a partisan position, and requests for their use will not be granted for activities which may cause the university to appear to be taking a position with regard to a public issue or a candidate for public office. This restriction also applies to the use of campus mail services, university mailing lists and labels, duplicating and printing equipment, and telephones belonging to the university.
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementMembers of the University Community are expected
to respect the rights of others by refraining from any
inappropriate behaviors that may negatively impact a
student's experience. Harassment includes, but is not
limited to, the following:
1. Conduct which intimidates, threatens, or
endangers the health or safety of any person;
2. Behavior that intentionally or negligently causes
physical, financial, or emotional harm to any
3. Behavior that is construed as a nuisance,
including, but not limited to, prank phone calls or
abusing or harassing another user through
Speech Code Category: Harassment Policies, StatementSexual harassment can be defined as any unwelcome sexual advance, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, or verbal or physical conduct directed at an individual because of his or her gender or motivated by animosity based on gender when: ... Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or educational experience, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work and/or educational environment--that is, hostile environment.
Speech Code Category: Advertised Commitments to Free Expression, StatementUniversities seek to preserve, disseminate, and advance knowledge. At Case, as elsewhere, we recognize that to fulfill these purposes requires ... the right to hold and express opinions different from our own.
March 13, 2006
A Summit County jury found Charles Plinton not guilty of selling drugs to a confidential informant in 2004. A few weeks later, a University of Akron disciplinary board found him “responsible” for “selling drugs to a confidential informant.” The difference between those two words — guilty and responsible — may not sound meaningful to the average person. But it’s a distinction that begins to explain the secretive world of college justice in which campus committees may re-try the facts of serious crimes after criminal courts have already decided them. Critics see the hearings as unaccountable Star Chambers marshaled to advance […]» Read More
December 1, 2010
FIRE announces its Speech Code of the Month for December 2010: Case Western Reserve University. Case Western’s “Use of University Facilities” policy provides that University facilities and services may not be used for political fund-raising or to advocate a partisan position …. This restriction also applies to the use of campus mail services, university mailing lists and labels, duplicating and printing equipment, and telephones belonging to the university. By its plain language, this policy prohibits any of Case Western’s recognized student organizations—which include Case Democrats, College Republicans of Case, Case Right to Life, Spectrum Gay-Straight Alliance, and Students for Justice in […]» Read More